What: COPPA stands for the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act.
When: The Act was passed by the U.S. Congress in 1998 and took effect in April 2000.
Key Privacy Rights under COPPA:
The primary goal of COPPA is to place parents in control over what information is collected from their young children online. The Rule was designed to protect children under age 13 while accounting for the dynamic nature of the Internet. The Rule applies to operators of commercial websites and online services (including mobile apps) directed to children under 13 that collect, use, or disclose personal information from children, and operators of general audience websites or online services with actual knowledge that they are collecting, using, or disclosing personal information from children under 13.
Detailed Overview of COPPA:Complying with COPPA: Frequently Asked Questions-Federal Trade Commission
For the Full COPPA Rule: US Government Publishing Office Electronic Code of Federal Regulations-COPPA